The bay is naturally divided into four smaller parts - Herceg Novi bay, Risan bay, Kotor bay and Tivat bay. The small towns, as treasuries of history, art and beauty, are strung like pearls on its coastline. Kotor is the old coastal and cultural centre. For centuries, it has been a crossroads of commercial roads under the strong influence of Venice. It is protected by mountains with a strong defense structure built during the time of Byzantine Empire. Dobrota is a small town in which numerous palaces of former sailors and shipowners are still preserved. Perast is the homeland of many world-known sailors and a town whose destiny has always been related to the sea. By its lifestyle, it resembled Venice with which it had very lively trade and cultural links. There are a lot of remains of the old aristocratic palaces that now bear witness to its ancient splendor and richness. In one of them, the Bujevic’s palace, the Town Museum is located. There is a very interesting historical story saying that the Russian soldiers used to come in Perast to learn sailing skills and that it was known as a cradle of the Russian fleet. There are two islets around Perast town – Gospa od Skrpjela(Lady of Skrpljel) and St Gorge, both unique tourist attractions. Risan is famous for the remnants of the classical culture. The remains of a Roman patrician’s villa with mosaic floors as beautiful as those made in Roman period can be found here. Herceg Novi is a town situated at the end of the bay. Its appearance is an illustration of its turbulent history. The town is a fine combination of romantic, Byzantine and oriental styles interweaved in the Mediterranean appearance of this town. Today, Herceg Novi is the town of flowers with all its windows faced toward the sun and the sea. It is one of the warmest towns on the Adriatic coast. One should visit the City Museum and the Archives, the Modern Arts Gallery, and the Old town with Tower clock.
The Blue Grotto is accessible through two entrances. One entrance is very wide, but low, while the other one is totally opposite - narrow and very tall. The cave is attractive for divers and for the others. It is an excellent location for photo safari, both above and under the sea. The cave can be reached by boat.
During both world wars there was a prison on this island and now there is a memorial plaque placed in memory of that period. Mamula is still a deserted island, but also a favorite summer picnic resort.
The Church of St. Sava was according to some sources built in the 15th century and according to some other sources in the 13th century. Among the extremely valuable exhibits in the monastery treasury, there are Crystal Cross of the St. Sava from 13th century, needlework, petohljebnica (celebration of liturgy engraved in silver), reliquary of the Monastery Tvrdoš and other items from the 17th century, a portrait of the Russian Tzar Peter the Great...
One part of the defensive wall, dating from the oldest Bosnian period, was preserved. It was hugely reconstructed in the times of the Roman dominance when the fortress was made in the present size, shape and height except for the protective crown with cannon openings. In the mid 16th century the fortress was called “Strong Tower” or the “Abas Pasha’s Tower”. In the early 18th century it was reconstructed by the Venetians who gave it the present name – Forte Mare. The Austrians gave it the present-day design and made a series of adding in 1833. This is when it became one of the most important fortification points in the town.